How to Keep Cool During the Sweltering Summer Months

Guest post by Natalia Moore

With the midsummer temperatures soaring and heatwave conditions in many parts of the nation it can be awfully hard to “keep your cool.”

However, even if it’s terribly hot outside there are many simple ways in which you can retain physical and mental comfort. Here are some of the proven methods which everyone can try, most at minimum cost.

Be sensible in what you wear. Heavy and tight-fitting clothing (including underwear) are out.

Go for lightweight, loose fitting things. Avoid anything that constricts, including belts, high necks, and bras that cut you in two. It’s simply not worth the personal discomfort and lack of ventilation produced.

Remember that cotton transmits air more readily than nylon fabric, and is usually cooler. This is very important with underwear. Nylon pantyhose often produce considerable discomfort (including chafing and rashes between the legs, a very susceptible spot) merely because the skin areas cannot breathe. Because perspiration cannot evaporate, and as skin surfaces which are moist rub together, irritation and often inflammation occur.

Remember that certain colours seem cool, others seem to indicate warmth. Light pastels are cool. So are greens, light blues, yellows, creams and white. The heavies are black, navy, dark tans, and reds. Leave these for winter when you want to gain the mental impression of heat.

Also, flies seem attracted less to light colours (especially yellow, some researchers have claimed). So you give yourself a double bonus in wearing light colors. Who wants to be crawling with flies as well as sweating like a pig? Not me, for sure.

Fluids are probably the biggest single item of importance in hot weather. The body perspires anything up to 10,000ml (that is roughly 20 pints!) on a very hot day. This is an enormous amount, and it must be replenished to ensure the normal working of the body.

Fluid forms an integral part of the system’s heat regulatory mechanism. Pumped out by sweat glands to the skin surface, it then evaporates rapidly. This pulls heat from the body and the evaporation reduces skin temperature.

In humid weather there is already a lot of water in the atmosphere and skin fluid evaporates more slowly. That is why one feels hot and sticky. But as soon as the humidity falls, sweat dries and you immediately feel cooler.

This fluid loss must be replenished to allow the system to continue. So lap it up, ideally in the form of chilled water. Chilled fresh fruit-juices are good. Go easy on highly sugared aerated beverages and cordials. Extra sugar means that more heat-producing products are being added to the system.

Sweat contains a certain amount of sodium chloride, the chemical name for common salt. So add a bit to your drinks to replenish this. Otherwise you may find cramps suddenly grabbing your calf muscles or other muscle groups. Cramps are terribly painful.

A good cold beer temporarily cools. But beware of the trap, for alcohol is also a fairly potent vasodilator. This means it makes the blood vessels in the skin expand. In turn, this brings copious amounts of new blood to the skin surface, and this gives the added sensation of heat.

So, in the long term, alcohol makes you hotter. Besides, it is very high in calories and tends to add more fuel to the body you are trying to cool down; that is worth remembering.

Many people find plain bitter lemon juice more refreshing in hot weather, made with a water, non sugar base. Cyclamates and saccharin may be used as artificial sweeteners if desired, they are totally calorie free.

Be sensible and eat low-calorie foods. These include vegetables, especially greens and salad foods, and fruit. Leafy greens and all salad veggies are suitable. They are very low in calorie value and do not increase the body’s fuel factor. Cold salads are ideal in summer, especially for lunch and evening meals. Go lightly on products containing refined flour or sugar.

Use this as a general yardstick when making meal decisions and you will not go far wrong. Just remember the fewer calories you eat, the cooler you’ll remain.

Air conditioners are probably the biggest single comfort device in hot weather. Not only do they remove fluid from the air (so reducing humidity), but they cool as well.

Car air conditioners are excellent for those travelling a lot in summer. Even though they’re a bit expensive, if your job and mental acuity are important it is often money well spent for it may repay its cost in the first year.

But a note of caution: be careful flitting from cool areas to hot ones to cool ones again. Summer chills and infections are easily come by in this manner. Wrap appropriately.

Let cool tap water flow over the backs of your hands, this often cools down the whole body. Icy flannels rubbed over your face and neck impart a lovely cool feeling too, so keep these in the fridge.

Think cool. Do not get uptight and fight with yourself or others. Raised temperatures only breed heat and make you feel infinitely worse. Keep telling yourself it’s not as hot as others say, that you have mental peace and equanimity. This helps, at least.

About the author

As a health expert, researcher and blogger Natalia has a particular interest in writing about beauty regimen and how to be pretty and confident. She has many years of experience in Beauty treatments and Health improvement. Connect with Natalia on G+.

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Short Answers to Hard Question about Mental Disorders

Guest post by Katleen Brown

Everyone can feel sad or unhappy at some point in their lives. It is inevitable. Experiencing sadness or grief is normal, and sometimes even necessary. Getting through ups and downs is what life is all about. But if that feeling of sadness is a lasting one, maybe you have depression. Depression or anxiety can make you feel as if everything is pointless and without meaning. It takes hold of your mind, and can make your life feel unbearable. You feel like all of the joy you once had, is gone. If you have depression, it is critical that you recognize the symptoms, signs, and cause of your depression. It is fundamental that you do not ignore those signs and symptoms.

Symptoms of depression

Depression is a mental state of constant low mood. It is a disorder that can affect a person’s thoughts and behavior. People who are often depressed  feel sad, anxious, guilty or helpless. They also feel like there is nothing in this world that could help them to try overcome their restlessness. Depressed people can’t concentrate; they experience loss of appetite, or they eat more than they should, they lose sleep, or they sleep all the time.

It is imperative that you recognize symptoms of depression, even if those symptoms seem trivial or insignificant. Warning signs and symptoms of depression are often right in front of you, and they can be easy to overlook. Sometimes we live in denial, and won’t even admit what is obvious. The most common signs of depression are:

  • Feeling of hopelessness.

It is a very common symptom, and it can be the first sign that you are depressed. You constantly feel like things will only get worse, and that there is nothing you can do about it.

  • Insomnia and excessive sleeping.

People who are often depressed  suffer from sleep disorders. They have difficulty falling asleep, or they have the need to sleep all the time.

  • Feeling of self-loathing.

You feel angry at yourself, and you constantly blame yourself for everything.

  • Rage and irritability.

You feel constantly mad at everything and everyone, and you feel the need to blame everyone for the problems you might have.

  • Energy loss and fatigue.

People who are often depressed feel like the energy is drained from their bodies.

  • Pains and aches.

That cannot be explained.

  • Loss of appetite and weight problems.

When you feel hopeless, you also lose appetite, and you don’t care if you don’t eat. Some people, on the other hand, eat too much, because they think this is the only way for them to feel content again.

  • Suicidal thoughts.

Depression is a very serious mental disorder, and should be treated accordingly. With depression comes the very high risk of suicide. People who are depressed often think that ending their lives is the only way out. Studies show that more than 90% of suicide victims were clinically depressed.

Types of depression and causes of depression

There are several types of depression, and each of these disorders should be treated very seriously. Unlike other diseases, depression can be caused by many factors.

Main causes of depression include loneliness, financial difficulties, tragic loss in a family, alcohol or drug abuse, marital problems, work stress, severe injuries, hormonal disorders, childhood trauma and childhood abuse.

Types of depression:

  • Major depression (Major Depressive Disorder).
  • Bipolar disorder.
  • Dysthymic disorder.
  • Seasonal affective disorder.

Treatments for depression

It is very important for any individual not to feel ashamed because he or she suffers from the depressive disorder. Support from family and friend is crucial for recovery from depression, as well. People who are feeling depressed need to know that someone loves them, and cares for them. Sometimes, people who are depressed just need someone to talk to, who will listen to them and understand their pain.

For every kind of depressive disorder, there are different kinds of treatment and management. Usually, a combination of treatments is advised, such as therapy treatment and medication treatment. It is also important to understand that medical treatment can only relieve symptoms of depression, not cure them.

Symptoms of depression can also be effectively treated with simple lifestyle changes:

  • Practicing yoga can reduce symptoms of depression, and root causes of depression disorder.
  • Change of scenery.
  • Owning a pet can reduce stress and unhappiness.
  • Physical exercise.
  • Problem-solving therapy can help individuals learn how to face their problems.
  • Diet improvement. Natural and healthy foods can provide an alternative treatment for depression.

Every treatment for depression starts with identifying symptoms and signs of depression. In the end, depression can be cured or lessened only by discovering the root of the problem, and by rebuilding emotional skills.


About the Author

Katleen Brown is a health, beauty and fitness writer. She loves to publish her articles on various health related websites. In her spare time, likes to do research to bring awareness about health news. Recognizing the unity of body, mind, and outlook, she helps empower women to tune into their innate & inner wisdom to transform their health and truly flourish. Get in touch with her on Google+, Pinterest and Twitter.

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Skilled Nursing Provider Agrees to Pay $360,000 for Employing Excluded Workers

Daybreak Venture, a company providing skilled nurses, has settled charges brought by the Office of the Inspector General that they hired staff that had been excluded from employment with federal health programs, authorities announced.

The OIG’s Office of Audit Services did an investigation that turned up five excluded employees. During the federal investigation, Daybreak Venture revealed they had hired two additional unauthorized employees, according to the announcement.

In March 2014 the OIG initially contacted Daybreak regarding this matter and as a result the company performed it’s own audit covering about 5,000 staffers and entities that are presently or had been linked with Daybreak Venture.


The CEO of Daybreak, Michael A. Rich has assured the federal government that since the company discovered these transgressions, they have pledged additional resources and people to work in its Compliance Department to conduct ongoing re-verifications of staff members and entities to prevent those on OIG’s excluded list from employment. He went on to state that the company is fully committed to hiring only those people who are eligible.

Individuals can lose their eligibility to work with federal health programs like Medicaid and Medicare for a number of different reasons, but the most serious would be that they have a criminal record of being convicted of abuse or fraud. Providers are barred from hiring these individuals and then charging the government program for the services provided by them.


A Deputy Chief in one of the branches of the Office of the Inspector General says they’ve found that nursing homes tend to employ excluded individuals more than other health care providers. The updated guidelines provide a time period for employers to check the database online that lists all the excluded or unauthorized individuals, entities and organizations.


The settlement with Daybreak Venture took effect October 24, 2014.

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Working Within The Parameters Of OIG Exclusions

The release of the 2015 work plan by the OIG gives employers a slightly clearer picture of what is to come. With last year showing over 4,000 exclusions and close to 1,000 penalties, many employers have become fearful of adhering to the parameters of restriction. However, the recovery action of this year’s plan is highly focused on rectifying best practices, and the federal fiscal gain could benefit employers who are up to code.

One of the greatest concerns appears to the increase in audits that are expected to be performed. It should be noted that while health and safety standards are high goals for this work plan, the stronger scrutiny of the auditing process is also focused on outright fraud and poor business practices.

This does not mean that solid employers should stop being vigilant regarding verification and new hire screenings. The fine print of over $4 billion in receivables can also be read as hefty fines and penalties for non-adherence to federal hiring regulations. While the OIG may be more concerned with fraud and misuse of SSA and Medicare funds, exclusion violations do contribute to this drain on the national budget.


Receiving a fine due to an oversight should not be a fear for HR managers and hiring entities, but the truth is that lack of knowledge is not passing as an acceptable fault in the eyes of the OIG. This further drives the need for time efficient and thorough screenings that can allow hiring personnel to stay focused on a best fit for qualified applicants.

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